There are some key challenges that we are facing in eLearning today. And I am beginning to think that these are pretty much invariant to scale. I am beginning to think that perhaps many of them happen at smaller scale in traditional face-to-face education. Here is an indicative list.
- High dropout or low completion rates
- Low engagement and retention (motivation)
- Lack of data driven analytics cramps scalability
- Low use of collaboration/networked learning tools & communities
- Lurking as a legitimate activity
- In courses that need them, lack of physical F2F & LAB support
- Increased demand on the student’s capability for self-directed learning
- Need sophisticated auto-grading (or scalable high quality peer review) systems for large scale assessments
- Video lecture fatigue
- Lack of interoperability with traditional institutions (incl. curricular)
- Availability of Localized materials
- Access to power, infrastructure and connectivity
- Credibility / value perception of learning for employers or for credit transfers by traditional institutions
Some of these are definitely challenges that would constrain any system. But perhaps the real challenges lie elsewhere. For example, I am getting convinced that more than anything else, the capability & motivation of the learner to learn, is the most limiting factor.
We see a lot of power laws in the real world of learning – where a few students participate heavily and the largest number contribute to the long tail. Ideally, an efficient and high quality system would be one where the graphs are uniformly flatter indicating wholesome participation in the process of learning. I would think that not much changes at lower scale or with change of modality to traditional classroom scenarios, and that power laws are in fact observable in these scenarios as well.
The aim of most educational systems is to develop students who are prepared for the life to come, who can contribute to the world as responsible citizens, who are successful in leveraging knowledge and reason to attain their goals and who learn how to learn. I think the last part is really significant – in fact I would say the most significant part.
In thinking about how people can learn to learn, it is obvious that there be a multiplicity of options on how to learn, rather than just any one way of learning. Our education systems have so far taught just the one way to learn, but there are indeed other ways to learn that may or may not be consonant with the traditional approach.
What are some of these paradigms? I think the Connectivist approach crystallizes what learning really means in a digital age. It is sufficiently “alternative” as a paradigm and needs to be explored. The MOOC is perhaps just one instance of Connectivist environments. Other online environments may exist where massive does not necessarily equate to number of learners, and open doesn’t necessarily equate to “barrier-less” and where we let go of the “course” confines.